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Pew Research Center;
As issues about culture and identity continue to be at the center of heated political debates in the United States and Europe, a new Pew Research Center survey finds that views about national identity in the U.S., France, Germany and the UK have become less restrictive and more inclusive in recent years. Compared with 2016 – when a wave of immigration to Europe and Donald Trump's presidential campaign in the U.S. made immigration and diversity a major issue on both sides of the Atlantic – fewer now believe that to truly be American, French, German or British, a person must be born in the country, must be a Christian, has to embrace national customs, or has to speak the dominant language
More in Common;
This in-depth study explores how citizens in five countries (Germany, France, Britain, Poland, and the United States) feel about democracy, their frustrations, and their demands, with a particular focus on those with an ambivalent relationship with democracy.
As part of Oxfam's commitment to tackling inequality in order to end extreme poverty, we need to understand how different people feel about inequality. This briefing examines three UK population surveys and notes that there is widespread agreement with statements that promote greater equality. Those on lower incomes tend to be more egalitarian; the impact of other demographic variables is less clear. In one survey, younger people were the more egalitarian group, but in other surveys, older people were more egalitarian. To campaign effectively and represent the interests of different groups, we need a clearer understanding of how and why attitudes differ. This research note identifies areas where further investigation is needed.
Refugees in the UK often find themselves separated from their families by their brutal experiences of conflict and persecution, just at the time when they need each other the most. This separation can drag on for years or sometimes indefinitely because of the UK's restrictive rules on refugee family reunion. This joint report by the Refugee Council and Oxfam is one of the first to look at how family reunion and ongoing forced separation from loved ones affect the ability of refugees to successfully integrate into UK society.
Inequality is rampant across the global economy, and the agro-food sector is no exception. At the top, big supermarkets and other corporate food giants dominate global food markets, allowing them to squeeze value from vast supply chains that span the globe, while at the bottom the bargaining power of small-scale farmers and workers has been steadily eroded in many of the countries from which UK supermarkets and others from around the world source. The result is widespread human suffering among the women and men producing our food. This report puts key findings of the global campaign report Ripe for Change: Ending human suffering in supermarket supply chains in a UK context.
American Chemical Society;
Despite growing evidence of public health benefits from urban green space there has been little longitudinal analysis. This study used panel data to explore three different hypotheses about how moving to greener or less green areas may affect mental health over time. The samples were participants in the British Household Panel Survey with mental health data (General Health Questionnaire scores) for five consecutive years, and who relocated to a different residential area between the second and third years (n = 1064; observations = 5320). Fixed-effects analyses controlled for time-invariant individual level heterogeneity and other area and individual level effects. Compared to premove mental health scores, individuals who moved to greener areas (n = 594) had significantly better mental health in all three postmove years (P = .015; P = .016; P = .008), supporting a "shifting baseline" hypothesis. Individuals who moved to less green areas (n = 470) showed significantly worse mental health in the year preceding the move (P = .031) but returned to baseline in the postmove years. Moving to greener urban areas was associated with sustained mental health improvements, suggesting that environmental policies to increase urban green space may have sustainable public health benefits.
We have carried out a study comparing the cost of the UK's planned Hinkley Point C (HPC) nuclear power station with a 100% renewable system capable of delivering precisely the same power intended supply profile of a flat 3.2GW (gigawatts)
Oxfam welcomes the establishment of the independent Commission for Integration and Social Cohesion. Our response draws upon our experience set out above, and also that of our programme partners - grassroots organisations engaged in regeneration, community cohesion and anti-poverty work in England, Scotland and Wales. Our experience, both in the UK and globally, shows that community cohesion cannot be engineered; that successful cohesion comes from community members and sub-groups within communities coming together and engaging in decision-making on their own terms.
Concern Worldwide - UK;
The UK is the sixth largest donor to agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. And, this year, the IF campaign is calling on the UK government to increase its annual support for sustainable small-scale food production by £425 million: a fair share of the public spending needed in agricultural and rural development to achieve the ambitious goal of zero hunger by 2025. But what are the UK government's agriculture priorities? What is the impact of the UK's aid to agriculture on those who need it most - small-scale food producers? And, is the current approach the most effective one? With these critical questions in mind, Concern Worldwide - UK, Oxfam GB, and Self Help Africa conducted research into how much of the UK's aid goes to agriculture, particularly small-scale farmers, and the impacts of this aid. We found that it is nearly impossible to know how much aid to agriculture is spent on small-scale farmers, and nearly as difficult to find the impact of the aid on poor farmers. The result is a set of key recommendations to DFID for prioritizing investment in small-scale agriculture and achieving the best value for money through their agricultural aid.
LSE, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion;
The link between inequality and poverty has been highlighted by a number of international organisations, which have outlined a series of policy recommendations supporting the view that high levels of inequality need to be tackled even if the central objective is to reduce poverty.This report makes clear there is a positive correlation between income inequality and relative income poverty in the UK. The strength of this connection depends on which measure of inequality is used and this report makes no claim about causation - but the central conclusion is clear. We can no longer treat poverty and economic inequality as separate problems which can be tackled in isolation. They are instead closely linked and must be tackled together.
Child Poverty Action Group;
The use of emergency food aid in the UK, particularly in the form of food banks, has dramatically increased over the last decade. Research was jointly conducted by Oxfam, Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG), the Church of England and The Trussell Trust to examine why people are turning to food banks, how food bank use fits with their wider coping strategies, and what might be done to reduce the need that leads to food bank use.Interviews with clients at seven food banks across the UK revealed that the acute crisis that leads people to turn to food banks is often set against a background of complex, difficult lives. Experiences included ill health, bereavement, relationship breakdown, heavy caring responsibilities or job loss, as well as constantly low income. The report shows that action is needed to ensure that the safety net provided by the social security system is vital. It can help prevent life shocks becoming crises, and offer vital protection for vulnerable people.This report points to practical, measured changes in policy and practice that will help to reduce the need for food banks, and ensure vital support for people in times of crisis.
The world faces twin challenges: delivering a decent standard of living for everyone, while living within our environmental limits. These two concerns are brought together in Oxfam's Doughnut model, which visualizes a space between planetary boundaries and a social floor where it is environmentally safe and socially just for humanity to exist. Here, The UK Doughnut: A framework for environmental sustainability and social justice suggests areas of life that might constitute a social floor below which no-one in the UK should fall, and begins the process of identifying which environmental boundaries might be useful for incorporation into a national UK analysis. The report provides a snapshot of the UK's status by assessing its current position against the suggested set of domains and indicators.