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West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI);
This paper intends to analyse the underpinnings of the Grand National Dialogue as a strategic and operational framework for the construction of a public problem in the crisis between the Cameroonian government and the separatist movements of the North West and South West. The dynamics and related trajectories within the framework of a complex otherness reflect the efforts of the public authorities to domesticate violence and establish the imperative of a "one and indivisible Cameroon" and of living together as structuring frameworks of solutions to crises in the country. The stake of this Grand National Dialogue also refers to the logic of de-internationalization of the treatment of the crisis; however, this dialogue did not have the desired effect. The denial for a long time focused on the crisis, combined with the problem of underdevelopment accentuated by nepotism, ethnic exclusion, corruption and marginalization, the sequence and consequence of bad governance, has been used by the separatists as a pretext to resort to arms as a means of expressing their 'grievances'.
West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI);
The COVID-19 pandemic and its spread in Cameroon poses a significant threat to the population and diverse sectors of society. The civil society sector seems to be greatly hit in terms of its operations, programmes, and relationships with donors. For this reason, this study was commissioned to assess and document the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on civil society organisations' (CSOs') operations and programmes in Cameroon.A mixed study design (quantitative and qualitative) was used to collect data from 36 CSOs in Cameroon. A survey questionnaire was administered via SurveyMonkey. In the same vein, a focus group discussion (FGD) and expert interviews were also carried out with five CSO representatives to investigate and understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on civil society's resilience and operations in the country.
La présente recherche a pour objectif d'analyser la compétitivité de l'industrie agroalimentaire au Cameroun. Au niveau sectoriel, l'évolution du commerce des produits alimentaires et de la valeur ajoutée est examinée, tandis qu'au niveau de l'entreprise, un modèle économétrique de la productivité du travail est évalué par type d'entreprise (très petite et petites entreprises – TPPE –, moyennes entreprises – ME – et grandes entreprises – GE). Les résultats indiquent un avantage comparatif limité se traduisant par la position d'importateur net et une orientation du commerce vers l'interbranche du Cameroun.
Menstrual hygiene is an integral part of a woman's health and has a lasting impact on education, livelihoods and the security of women, guaranteeing their empowerment. However, it is clear that menstrual hygiene is little or not taken into account in humanitarian response plans for refugees. As part of the WSSCC/UN Women Joint Programme on Gender, Hygiene and Sanitation, a study was conducted by the Institute for Training and Demographic Research IFORD in refugee camps in Cameroon. It investigates the difficulties that women experience during menstruation, and makes an inventory of water, sanitation and hygiene infrastructure fixtures in the camps.
The authors indicate that the motivation of the migrants in the diaspora to remit to home communities is based on altruistic preferences.
Ministère des Affaires étrangères;
The report challenges this culturalist approach to civil society. It defends a dynamic notion of civil society in the Southern countries, free from cultural preconceptions.
This study examines a range of issues, from women's and girls' lack of access to sanitation and hygiene services, to their strategies for dealing with menstrual hygiene management while playing their roles, including in families, communities, at work, and at school. The study also addresses the impact of perpetrated beliefs and restrictions they sometimes face in two regions of Cameroon.
BMC Public Health;
BackgroundThe suitability of using clinical assessment to identify patients with podoconiosis in endemic communities has previously been demonstrated. In this study, we explored the feasibility and accuracy of using Community Health Implementers (CHIs) for the large scale clinical screening of the population for podoconiosis in North-west Cameroon.MethodsBefore a regional podoconiosis mapping, 193 CHIs and 50 health personnel selected from 6 health districts were trained in the clinical diagnosis of the disease. After training, CHIs undertook community screening for podoconiosis patients under health personnel supervision. Identified cases were later re-examined by a research team with experience in the clinical identification of podoconiosis.ResultsCases were identified by CHIs with an overall positive predictive value (PPV) of 48.5% [34.1–70%]. They were more accurate in detecting advanced stages of the disease compared to early stages; OR 2.07, 95% CI = 1.15–3.73, p = 0.015 for all advanced stages). Accuracy of detecting cases showed statistically significant differences among health districts (χ2 = 25.30, p = 0.0001).ConclusionPodoconiosis being a stigmatized disease, the use of CHIs who are familiar to the community appears appropriate for identifying cases through clinical diagnosis. However, to improve their effectiveness and accuracy, more training, supervision and support are required. More emphasis must be given in identifying early clinical stages and in health districts with relatively lower PPVs.
Nous tentons de cerner les déterminants de la « qualité » de la gouvernance d'entreprise et d'investiguer empiriquement le lien entre la rentabilité durable de 120 entreprises familiales camerounaises et trois indicateurs (la taille de l'équipe dirigeante, la concentration de la propriété et l'âge du dirigeant). Pour atteindre notre objectif, nous avons apprécié la « qualité » de la gouvernance par un score d'efficience basé sur la méthode d'analyse de l'enveloppement des données (AED). Les résultats montrent que l'amélioration de la qualité de la gouvernance et partant, de la rentabilité serait tributaire de la taille de l'équipe dirigeante et de la concentration du capital.