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Center for Economic and Policy Research;
From the early 1990s through the peak of the last business cycle, relatively low U.S. unemployment rates seemed to make the United States a model for the rest of the world's economies. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and other international organizations all praised the U.S. unemployment performance and urged the rest of the world's rich countries to emulate the "flexibility" of the U.S. model. However, this report shows that in the current economic crisis, the U.S. unemployment rate ranks 4th to last among the major OECD countries.
Institute for European Environmental Policy;
Illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing refers to fishing activities that do not comply with national, regional, or international fisheries conservation or management legislation or measures . IUU fishing is complex and affects many stakeholders from the individual artisanal fisher in national waters, to fishing fleets in Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and the High Seas, to fish processor and fisheries managers in developed and developing countries. Illegal fishing occurs in every ocean in the world, resulting in the loss of individual jobs and income, depletion of existing fish stocks, damage to the marine environment, and loss of state revenue . It affects activities both at sea and onshore, such as shipment, transportation, landing, importation and exportation, sale, and distribution of fish products . IUU fishing also has the potential to reduce the amount of fish available to subsistence fishers and communities who rely on fish as their staple diet. For example in Sierra Leone, fish provides approximately 65% of the protein source consumed by the under-nourished population. Thus people's livelihoods and food security may be seriously threatened by the possibility of losing access to this food source as result of IUU fishing.
Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology;
Summarizes the history of the GM food issue in Europe, the legislation recently passed by the EU Parliament, impacts on U.S.-EU agricultural trade, and other background issues dividing the U.S. and EU on this topic.
European countries have very diverse traditions in philanthropy, and many foundations not only fund advocacy but directly influence policy agendas through their operational programmes. This guide explores how foundations do so through interactions with local and national governments as well as the European institutions.
Regulatory constraints to advocacy in a sample of European countriesBrussels essentialsCartoons of six different pathways of policy changeSeven concrete case studiesWhat's in the Guide?
"A" for AdvocacyTailored strategiesBrussels essentialsLearning by doingSpecial features
The practice of foundations in Europe is very diverse and the context in which they work may vary from country to country. This diversity enriches collaboration among funders in Europe, but it can also present challenges, particularly when foundations look to work together across borders.
Foundations in Europe working together: How is it different?Collaborative health-checkCartoonsCase study on the European Foundation Initiative for African Research into Neglected Tropical DiseasesA sample of European collaborations
What's in the Guide?
Working together in Europe: Drawing on diversityStarting out: How to get it rightThe human factor: Critical for successOrganising for collaboration: Mix and matchKeep looking ahead: Learning from experience
Foundations in Europe can play a much larger role in improving the position of women and girls. This guide reflects on how gender considerations are being addressed in European foundation programmes, processes, and procedures, and it provides a wealth of practical examples and recommendations to inspire other foundations to do so. Highlights
Learning from the experience of other foundations - in summary
Understanding the common questions and arguments around gender and inclusion
Practical strategies for integrating a commitment to reaching and empowering women and girls into your foundation
What's in the Guide?
Linking gender and inclusion: With women and girls in the equation
Funding for inclusion: How European foundations are supporting women and girls
Balancing the equation: Entry points and allies
Becoming a more inclusive foundation
Taking a look at how you work
Funding for inclusion: how do you monitor and evaluate?
Migration Policy Institute;
While great progress has been made towards creation of a Common European Asylum System (CEAS) that establishes shared standards for refugee protection in the European Union (EU), important obstacles to its full and effective operation remain. The evolving global context of conflict and displacement, highlighted by the Syria crisis, failures by many States to protect their citizens, and mixed migration more broadly will continue to throw up new challenges in the asylum domain in the years ahead for the European Union and Member States, requiring robust systems and policies that can be adapted to meet them.
At the end of June 2014, the European Council, comprising the heads of state and government of the European Union's 28 Member States, will adopt strategic guidelines for the Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) area, including asylum. The guidelines, which will define the way forward on the JHA portfolio for the 2014-20 period, have the potential to offer clear direction for the further development of asylum policy and cooperation at the EU level. To achieve this, however, the guidelines will need to address key priorities in practical and principled terms, and accommodate widely differing perspectives among Member States, EU institutions, and other stakeholders. Looking beyond the guidelines, European policymakers will need to explore the ways in which these priorities can be translated into action. The Migration Policy Institute Europe and the International Migration Initiative of the Open Society Foundations, through their ongoing project on the future of asylum in the European Union, are examining a number of the current challenges as well as possible ways to address them.
This policy brief identifies the main issues that should be included in the strategic guidelines on asylum, and emphasises the need for a strong basis for future action. The brief recommends increased engagement by Member States in practical cooperation as a way to strengthen implementation and consolidation of existing EU laws and achieve more consistent, high-quality asylum decision-making. It further calls for a common understanding of "solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility," and concrete measures to put these key principles into practical effect; expanded resettlement to the European Union; investment in integration strategies for those granted protection; and work towards deepened cooperation and more joint approaches in the longer term, to meet the significant challenges ahead for the European Union in the asylum field.
Use our interactive data tool to compare the press freedoms of regions and countries over time.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD);
Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to the OECD's Migration Outlook 2013.
As the North Atlantic Treaty Organization celebrates its 60th birthday, there are mounting signs of trouble within the alliance and reasons to doubt the organization's relevance regarding the foreign policy challenges of the 21st century. Several developments contribute to those doubts.
Although NATO has added numerous new members during the past decade, most of them possess minuscule military capabilities. Some of them also have murky political systems and contentious relations with neighboring states, including (and most troubling) a nuclear-armed Russia. Thus, NATO's new members are weak, vulnerable, and provocative -- an especially dangerous combination for the United States in its role as NATO's leader.
There are also growing fissures in the alliance about how to deal with Russia. The older, West European powers tend to favor a cautious, conciliatory policy, whereas the Central and East European countries advocate a more confrontational, hard-line approach. The United States is caught in the middle of that intra-alliance squabble.
Perhaps most worrisome, the defense spending levels and military capabilities of NATO's principal European members have plunged in recent years. The decay of those military forces has reached the point that American leaders now worry that joint operations with U.S. forces are becoming difficult, if not impossible.The ineffectiveness of the European militaries is apparent in NATO's stumbling performance in Afghanistan.
NATO has outlived whatever usefulness it had. Superficially, it remains an impressive institution, but it has become a hollow shell -- far more a political honor society than a meaningful security organization. Yet, while the alliance exists, it is a vehicle for European countries to free ride on the U.S.military commitment instead of spending adequately on their own defenses and taking responsibility for the security of their own region. American calls for greater burden-sharing are even more futile today than they have been over the past 60 years. Until the United States changes the incentives by withdrawing its troops from Europe and phasing out its NATO commitment, the Europeans will happily continue to evade their responsibilities.
Today's NATO is a bad bargain for the United States. We have security obligations to countries that add little to our own military power. Even worse, some of those countries could easily entangle America in dangerous parochial disputes. It is time to terminate this increasingly dysfunctional alliance.
Open Society Institute;
Presents findings from the European Commission's program to monitor the use of ethnic profiling and improve police-community relations in Bulgaria, Hungary, and Spain. Outlines ethnic disparities in stop rates, lessons learned, and recommendations.
Open Society Institute;
Documents trends among public service and commercial broadcasters and in regulation, mainly in Central and Eastern Europe. Considers how the Internet, electronic media, and new modes of journalism are transforming television. Makes recommendations.