Sanitation response for urban emergencies continues to present serious challenges to humanitarian agencies. Urban environments present their own unique setting and often add multiple constraints which can confound response strategies. In most emergency situations, for both first phase and second phase response, the default sanitation option, where suitable, is the simple pit latrine. But where certain constraints exist, such as the ground conditions or risk of flooding, alternative sanitation technologies to the pit latrine need to be selected. This report looks at the different technology options.